What is a choker? Jewelry Dictionary

Clavage, fermoir, riviera… Beautiful, but unfamiliar words? This article will tell you about different kinds of necklaces and explain the difference between them.

Some decorations were left without translation into Russian, so we used the English version and literal translation.

The negligee is a thin chain with two parallel pendants of different lengths. The adornment is typical of the Edwardian epoch – the 1900s. The inserts in the pendants were precious crystals such as sapphires, rubies, crystal, citrine and other stones.

The name “lavalier” is also used for a type of lingerie.

Lavalier – a chain of noble metal with a drop-shaped pendant and additional decorations. This kind of necklace was popular in the early 19th century. The jewelry is named in honor of Countess Louise-Françoise de La Baume Le Blanc, a favorite of Louis XIV.

Sautoir is a variant of lavaliere. The French expression – “porter en sautoire” means to wear over the shoulder or to wear on the back. This is how this jewelry was worn. It consisted of long strands or chains, which were either closed or with additional decorations on the ends. Rhinestones, precious or semi-precious stones were used as pendants. The sotuar is referred to as the ornament of the foxtrot era, the 1920s.

A sotuar made of pearls with a tassel on the end is a bayadera.

The riviera consists of identical stones evenly distributed along its entire length. The focus of such a necklace is on gemstones – rubies, emeralds, amethysts, sapphires, etc. The Riviera has been popular since the early 18th century.

Jazeran (from Fr. jaseran) is a filigree chain decorated with rosettes of precious, semi-precious stones or crystals of jewelry glass. The jewelry is similar to the riviera, but the jaseran pays more attention to form and decoration.

A choker is the shortest type of necklace, tightly wrapped around the neck. The literal translation of the word “choker” is “choker.” Despite unpleasant associations, this type of necklace has been popular for centuries. The most ancient chokers were made in the Ancient Kingdom in the middle of 3000 BC.

With the beginning of the Rococo era and high hairstyles, wide fabric chokers became fashionable. Most often black velvet was used – such chokers are called velvet chokers.

A clavage is a subspecies of a choker. The main part of the necklace consisted of a cloth or a great number of chains. To it is attached a pendant, which lies in the dimple of the neck: crosses, bows, Easter eggs and bright pearl threads. The name of the ornament comes from the French word “esclavage,” which means “slave’s collar.” Esclavage became widespread in the late 18th century with its rather revealing outfits.

Fermoir got its name from the French word “fermoir,” which means clasp. The central element of the necklace is the lock. It used to be this part could be the most expensive element of a necklace.

Tassel necklace – a necklace with a pendant in the form of a tassel. It consists of plaited and beaded threads, leather and more seldom beads strung on a chain or a thread.

The pendants repeat the element of interior decor.

Fringe necklace – a necklace with elongated movable pendants on the half length. Literally, “fringe” translates to “fringe”.

The fashion for the fringe necklace appeared in the era of archaeological discoveries in the late 19th century. This is because the design of the necklace echoes the style of Greek, Etruscan and Egyptian jewelry.

The Gas Pipe Necklace is a solid ring necklace. Because of the grooved surface of the jewelry reminiscent of a wire or hose. A classic of mid-century style. The literal translation of “Gas Pipe”.

Festoon necklace – several chains, connected in different points, so that a part dangles in an arc. These chains are decorated with several pendants, the central one being the largest.